Beijing ends turmoil in HK with national security law: historical resolution
The Chinese Communist Party managed to end the violent unrest and snubbed foreign intervention in Hong Kong by introducing the national security law and electoral changes, according to a landmark resolution released on Tuesday.
The 36,000-word “historical resolution,” which is an interpretation of the party's 100-year history, was passed by about 400 members of the powerful Central Committee in a plenum that ended last Thursday.
A full version of the resolution was made available to the public on Tuesday, along with an interpretation offered by Xi.
The resolution said the implementation of the 'One Country, Two Systems' principle was a success, but it had been in turmoil during the anti-fugitive bill movements that rocked the city in 2019.
“Anti-China and disruptive activities were rampant in Hong Kong at that time, and the situation in Hong Kong became very challenging at one point,” it said.
But the difficult times are now past, as the party introduced the national security law last year and electoral changes in Hong Kong this year.
The overhaul in the electoral system ensured that the legislature and the Election Committee – responsible for electing the Chief Executive and 40 lawmakers – would be controlled by pro-Beijing politicians. The government can also bar “non-patriots” from running for public office.
Such measures helped restore order, ensure a turn for the better in Hong Kong and lay a solid foundation for the One Country, Two Systems policy.
The party also “resolutely prevents and contains” external forces from interfering with Hong Kong affairs and acts against secession, subversion, infiltration and destructive behaviors.
It will support the two Hong Kong and Macau SARs to blend into the nation's development plan and contribute to the Greater Bay Area, it says.
The resolution also mentioned Taiwan, saying it is the party's “historic mission” to unite the nation and stop Taiwan independence advocacy from spreading.
It described the June 4 crackdown in 1989 to be a “serious political turmoil” suppressed by the party to defend state power and public interests.
The historical resolution passed last week was the third ever in CCP history, following ones passed under former leaders Mao Zedong in 1945 and Deng Xiaoping in 1981.
Xi's name was mentioned 22 times in the resolution. Mao was mentioned 18 times, Deng six times, while Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao were both mentioned once respectively.
Xi explained that 40 years have passed since the party endorsed its second historical resolution, during which there has been significant development in the party and in the country. The party should review the past and look into the future from a new standpoint, as well as summarize its experiences since it opened up 40 years ago.
The 100th anniversary for the establishment of the CCP is a historical moment for a review, and it is important to unify the views and actions of party members, he said.